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Monitoring, Control and Surveillance
The CCSBT has adopted a Compliance Plan that supports its Strategic Plan and provides a framework for the CCSBT, Members and Cooperating Non-Members to improve compliance, and over time, achieve full compliance with CCSBT’s conservation and management measures. The Compliance Plan also includes a Compliance Action Plan to address priority compliance risks. This Compliance Action Plan is reviewed, and confirmed or updated every year. It is therefore a ‘rolling’ document and over time its emphasis may change. The current (2018-2020) Compliance Action Plan has been extended to 2021.
The CCSBT has also adopted the following four Compliance Policy Guidelines:
- Minimum performance requirements to meet CCSBT Obligations (Updated October 2018);
- Corrective actions policy (Updated October 2018);
- MCS information collection and sharing (Updated October 2019); and
- Guideline on principles for action and steps to be taken in relation to extraordinary circumstances (Adopted October 2020).
A record of non-Compliance with Members’ allocation of the global southern bluefin tuna total allowable catch and the corrective action taken in response to that non-compliance is available here.
In addition, the CCSBT has implemented a Quality Assurance Review (QAR) program to provide independent reviews to help Members identify how well their management systems function with respect to their CCSBT obligations and to provide recommendations on areas where improvement is needed. It is further intended that QARs will:
- Benefit the reviewed Member by giving them confidence in the integrity and robustness of their own monitoring and reporting systems;
- Promote confidence among all Members as to the quality of individual Members’ performance reporting; and
- Further demonstrate the credibility and international reputation of the CCSBT as a responsible Regional Fisheries Management Organisation.
The following QARs have been conducted:
|Year||Member/CNM||Type of QAR|
|2013||Australia, Korea, Japan, New Zealand||Desktop Review|
|2014||Fishing Entity of Taiwan||Desktop Review|
|2014||Australia, Indonesia||On-Site Review|
|2016||Korea, New Zealand||On-Site Review|
|2017||Fishing Entity of Taiwan||On-Site Review|
|2018||South Africa||On-Site Review|
A Terms of Reference has been agreed for a QAR that will be conducted of the European Union during 2020.
The remaining sections of this page describe individual MCS measures that have been established by the CCSBT.
List of Approved Vessels and Farms
The CCSBT has established records for:
- Authorised SBT vessels (Updated October 2019);
- Authorised SBT carrier vessels; and
- Authorised SBT farms.
Members and Cooperating Non-Members of the CCSBT will not allow the landing or trade etc. of SBT caught by fishing vessels/harvested from farms, or transhipped to carrier vessels that are not on these lists. The Authorised vessel Resolution also contains a requirement for fishing vessels in certain categories of vessels to be issued with IMO numbers.
Vessel Monitoring System
The CCSBT Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) came into effect immediately after the Fifteenth Annual Meeting of the Commission, on 17 October 2008. It requires CCSBT Members and Cooperating Non-Members with vessels fishing for or taking SBT to adopt and implement satellite-linked VMS that complies with the IOTC, WCPFC, CCAMLR, or ICCAT VMS requirements according to the respective Convention Area in which the SBT fishing is being conducted. For vessels fishing for/taking SBT in any Exclusive Economic Zones not included in the IOTC, WCPFC, CCAMLR or ICCAT Convention Areas, the VMS must operate in accordance with each Member’s/CNM’s respective legislation. When fishing for/taking SBT outside of these areas, the IOTC VMS requirements must be followed.
Full details of the CCSBT VMS are available in the Resolution on the Vessel Monitoring System (VMS).
Catch Documentation Scheme
The CCSBT Catch Documentation Scheme (CDS) came into effect on 1 January 2010 and replaced the Statistical Document Programme (Trade Information Scheme) which operated from 1 June 2000. The CDS provides for tracking and validation of legitimate SBT product flow from catch to the point of first sale on domestic or export markets. As part of the CDS, all transhipments, landings of domestic product, exports, imports and re-exports of SBT must be accompanied by the appropriate CCSBT CDS Document(s), which include a Catch Monitoring Form and possibly a Re-Export/Export after Landing of Domestic Product Form. Similarly, transfers of SBT into and between farms must be documented on either a Farm Stocking Form or a Farm Transfer Form as appropriate. In addition, each whole SBT that is transhipped, landed as domestic product, exported, imported or re-exported must have a uniquely numbered tag attached to it and the tag numbers of all SBT (together with other details) will be recorded on a Catch Tagging Form. Copies of all documents issued and received will be provided to the CCSBT Secretariat on a quarterly basis for compiling into an electronic database, analysis, identification of discrepancies, reconciliation and reporting.
Full details of the CCSBT CDS are available from the Resolution on the implementation of a CCSBT Catch Documentation Scheme (Updated October 2019).
Some Members and Cooperating Non-Member(s) are using CCSBT CDS centralised tags for attaching to SBT. These tags are purchased through the CCSBT Secretariat and are distributed by each government to the relevant fishers. Instructions for attaching the centralised tags are provided below in 3 languages:
The other main tags in operation are those used by Australia and Korea. Instructions for attaching the Australian tag are provided below:
Monitoring of SBT Transhipments
The CCSBT program for monitoring transhipments at sea came into effect on 1 April 2009. The program was revised to include requirements for monitoring transhipments in port from 1 January 2015.
Transhipments at sea from tuna longline fishing vessels with freezing capacity (referred to as “LSTLVs”) include the following requirements:
- Carrier vessels that receive SBT transhipments at sea from LSTLVs must be authorised to receive such transhipments; and
- A CCSBT observer must be on board the carrier vessel during the transhipment.
The CCSBT transhipment program is harmonised and operated in conjunction with those of ICCAT and IOTC to avoid duplication of the same measures. ICCAT or IOTC observers on a transhipment vessel that is authorised to receive SBT are deemed to be CCSBT observers provided that the CCSBT standards are met.
Transhipments in port must be to an authorised carrier vessel (container vessels are exempted) at designated foreign ports and meet additional requirements including prior notification to Port State authorities, notification to Flag States, and transmission of the CCSBT transhipment declaration to the Port State, the Flag State and the CCSBT Secretariat.
Full details of the CCSBT transhipment program are available from the Resolution on establishing a Program for Transhipment by Large-Scale Fishing Vessels (Updated October 2017).
Port State Measures
The CCSBT adopted a Resolution for a CCSBT Scheme for Minimum Standards for Inspections in Port in October 2015. The Resolution entered into force on 1 January 2017 and was updated in October 2018. The scheme applies to foreign fishing vessels, including carrier vessels other than container vessels.
Under this scheme, a Member wishing to grant port access to foreign fishing/carrier vessels carrying SBT or fish products originating from SBT (not previously landed or transhipped at port) shall, amongst other things:
- Designate a point of contact for the purposes of receiving notifications;
- Designate ports to which foreign fishing vessels may request entry;
- Ensure that there is sufficient capacity to conduct inspections in every designated port;
- Require foreign fishing vessels seeking to use its ports for the purpose of landing and/or transhipment to provide certain required minimum information with a least 72 hours prior notification; and
- Inspect at least 5% of foreign fishing vessel landing and transhipment operations in their designated ports each year.
List of Vessels Presumed to have carried out IUU Fishing Activities for SBT
The CCSBT has adopted a Resolution on Establishing a List of Vessels Presumed to have Carried Out Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing Activities For Southern Bluefin Tuna (Updated October 2019).
At each annual meeting, there is an opportunity for the CCSBT to identify vessels which have engaged in fishing activities for SBT in a manner which has undermined the effectiveness of the Convention and the CCSBT measures in force. If vessels are included on the CCSBT IUU Vessel List then they will be published on this web site and circulated to appropriate regional fisheries organisations. Furthermore, from 17 October 2019, the CCSBT IUU vessel list may include cross-listed IUU vessels with IATTC, ICCAT, IOTC, WCPFC, CCAMLR, SEAFO, SIOFA and SPRFMO.
In the past, significant and increasing volumes of SBT were being taken by flag of convenience vessels. This was of major concern to the CCSBT where the stock needs to be carefully managed, and where the actions of these vessels was undermining the conservation measures already being taken by Members. The Commission sought the cooperation of these countries in supporting its management and conservation measures. They were also advised that if cooperation was not forthcoming, the Commission would consider measures, including trade restrictive measures, to be taken against them in accordance with the Action Plan Resolution adopted in March 2000.