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Total Allowable Catch
At its eighteenth annual meeting, the CCSBT agreed that a Management Procedure (MP) would be used to guide the setting of the SBT global total allowable catch (TAC) to ensure that the SBT spawning stock biomass achieves the interim rebuilding target of 20% of the original spawning stock biomass. The CCSBT now sets the TAC based on the outcome of the MP, unless the CCSBT decides otherwise based on information that is not otherwise incorporated into the MP.
In adopting the MP, the CCSBT emphasised the need to take a precautionary approach to increase the likelihood of the spawning stock rebuilding in the short term and to provide industry with more stability in the TAC (i.e. to reduce the probability of future TAC decreases). Under the adopted MP, the TAC is set in three year periods. The TAC for 2014 was 12,449 tonnes, the TAC for 2015 to 2017 is 14,647 tonnes and the TAC for 2018 to 2020 will be 17,647 tonnes.
The effective catch limits for Members and Cooperating Non-Members of the CCSBT from 2015 to 2020 is summarised below. In addition, some flexibility is provided to Members for limited carry-forward of unfished allocations between quota years. This flexibility is described in the Resolution on Limited Carry-forward of Unfished Annual Total Allowable Catch of Southern Bluefin Tuna.
Current Effective Catch Limits (in tonnes) to Members
|Republic of Korea||1,140||1,140||1,240.5|
|Fishing Entity of Taiwan||1,140||1,140||1,240.5|
*1 These figures reflect the voluntary transfers of 21t that Japan is providing to Indonesia and 27t that Japan is providing to South Africa for the 2018 to 2020 quota block. The starting point for Japan, Indonesia and South Africa in considering the allocation from 2021 will be 6165t, 1002t, and 423t respectively.
Current Allocations (in tonnes) to Cooperating Non-Members (CNMs)
*2 Ceased 12 October 2017.
In addition to allocations for Members and CNMs, 10 tonnes has been set aside as a Research Mortality Allowance (RMA) each year from 2015 to 2017, and 6 tonnes has been set aside each year for RMA from 2018 to 2020. Furthermore, for the 2018-2020 TAC block, Members are required to account for all fishing mortality of southern bluefin tuna (including commercial fishing, discards, recreational catches and artisanal fishing etc.) from within their allocation of the TAC. Finally, an allowance of 306 tonnes has been set aside in the 2018-2020 TAC block to account for IUU catch by Non-Members.
More complete information on the total catch and its allocation is provided in paragraphs 37 to 63 of the CCSBT 23 Report, paragraphs 70 to 90 of the CCSBT 24 Report and paragraphs 50 to 59 of the CCSBT 25 Report.